HEADINGS ON THIS PAGE
1. FOUR O.T. PROPHECIES 10. FOUR N.T. PROPHECIES 19. CHRISTIANITY = KNOWING CHRIST
2. #1 ROMAN LEGS AND FEET 11. #1 SIX TRAITS OF THE TRIBULATION 20. HOW CAN WE KNOW CHRIST?
3. #2 FOURTH BEAST OF DANIEL 7 12. #2 SIX SEALS OF REVELATION 6 21. ROMAN PHARISEES
4. #3 LITTLE HORN OF DANIEL 8 13. #3 WOMAN WHO RIDES THE BEAST 22. CHILD ABUSE
5. #4 FROM GREECE TO ROME TO THE END 14. #4 BABYON DESTROYED 23. FORBIDDING TO MARRY
6. TRANSITION FROM GREECE TO ROME 15. THE RELIGION OF ROME 24. THE PROBLEM WITH CELIBACY
7. CHRISTIANS UNDER ROME 16. PROPHET 25. IDENTIFYING THE PLAYERS
8. ROME’S NEW RELIGION 17. PRIEST
9. ROME’S WARS AND ULTIMATE END 18. KING
BIBLE QUOTATIONS ARE FROM THE OLD KING JAMES VERSION, WITH MODIFICATIONS BY THE AUTHOR
God gave the prophet Daniel five prophecies that are recorded in the book of Daniel. One of these, found in Daniel chapter 9, gave Daniel two timetables for the first and second comings of the Messiah. These two timetables are explained in my web pages titled The Olivet Discourse and The Timetable for Jesus’ Return.
In the other four prophecies, God focused more narrowly upon His promise to King David that his throne would be established forever. When Babylon desolated Israel and Jerusalem in 586 BC, it removed David’s family from power, and David’s kingdom came to an end. The Jewish people have not had a Jewish king since that time. God informed Daniel that the Jewish people would be dominated by four successive Gentile empires, until David’s promised Son would return to fully restore the Kingdom. These four empires would be Babylon, Persia, Greece and Rome. This Gentile dominance is represented by the phrase ‘Servitude to the Gentiles’ in the timeline below.
These four prophecies, found in the 2nd, 7th, 8th, and the combined 10th through 12th chapters of the book of Daniel, describe a relationship between Israel and the Gentile world that continues to this day; a period of over 2500 years. Looking at these four prophecies is like looking at something under a microscope and clicking up the power with each successive prophecy, because each one becomes more specific as it describes these Gentile empires, and the events that would take place as one empire fell and the next one rose to power..
The prophecy in Daniel 2 was not actually given to Daniel; it was given to king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar had a dream in which he saw a great statue comprised of 4 parts; a head of gold symbolizing Babylon, chest and arms of silver symbolizing Persia, a stomach and thighs of bronze symbolizing Greece, legs of iron symbolizing the first phase of the Roman Empire, and feet comprised of a mixture of iron and clay representing the second and final phase of the Roman Empire.
Nebuchadnezzar watched God cut out a stone and cast it on the feet of this statue, destroying the entire statue. Then the stone grew larger, filled the earth, and ruled the world forever. This stone represents the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ to bring an end to the Gentile domination of the world, and to re-establish the kingdom of David.
There are two things that we can deduce from Nebuchadnezzar’s dream. First of all, God sees all four of these Gentile empires as one thing; they are all Babylon in His eyes. This is why He portrayed them as one statue. Persia, Greece and Rome are merely an extension of what Babylon started. Babylon brought an end to the kingdom of David. There has not been another king from David’s family ruling over Israel since that day. In God’s eyes Babylon is the obstacle preventing David’s Son from possessing the Promised Land and ruling the world. This is why, when we read about Babylon in the book of Revelation, we can understand that God is really talking about Rome. Why? Because when the apostle John received the book of Revelation, Rome had already risen to power and the ‘Roman phase’ of Babylon had already begun.
Secondly, we can deduce from Nebuchadnezzar’s dream that the second coming of Jesus Christ will occur late in the history of Rome. Since time moves forward as one moves from the head of the statue to it’s lower parts, the stone falling upon the feet of iron and clay signifies that the second coming of Christ will occur late in Rome’s existence, and will bring Rome’s dominance over Israel and the world to an end.
What does the change from legs of pure iron to feet of iron and clay signify? It represents the change that occurred in the Roman Empire in 69 AD. That year has become known as the ‘Year of the Four Emperors’, because the Roman Empire experienced a civil war in which the various generals and armies of Rome fought for rulership of the empire, and four different men claimed the Emperorship within roughly one year’s time. Prior to that year, the city of Rome had been the seat of power in the empire, and Emperors had always come from Rome. But during the civil war the city of Rome became powerless bystander as it waited to see which general would prevail. That General was Vespasian, the founder of the Flavian dynasty. At that point Rome changed from being a single iron Beast, to becoming the combination of a ‘clay’ woman riding upon the back of an international ‘iron’ Beast in Revelation 17.
In Daniel 7 these same four Gentile empires are presented as four separate beasts. Babylon is symbolized by a lion, Persia by a bear, Greece by a leopard, and Rome by a beast unlike any known animal; dreadful, terrible and powerful, having great iron teeth and trampling and devouring the whole earth. The iron teeth of Daniel 7 correspond to the iron legs of Daniel 2.
Daniel observed that this Roman beast had 10 horns. He was told that these 10 horns represent 10 kings (or kingdoms) that wouldl arise out of the original Roman Empire (Daniel 7:24). Then the original 10 horns are followed by a ‘little horn’ that displaces 3 of these first 10 horns.
It is my belief that the 10 horns of Daniel 7 are 10 major world-colonizing kingdoms that would arise from the original Roman Empire. These could be Portugal, Spain, France, England, the Dutch Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Austro-Hungary, Venice and the Ottoman Empire. I suspect that the Little Horn is the the United States, which displaced France, England and Spain in the process of establishing its territory in North America. As a democracy the United States might well be described as being different from the 10 monarchies preceding it, and as having the ‘eyes of a man’ (Daniel 7:8,24).
Both because of its Roman political heritage (see The United States in Prophecy), and its close connections with the Roman Catholic church, I believe that the United States represents the epitome of Roman Catholic ‘Babylon’ in these last days, and is therefore the primary target in the fiery destruction of Babylon described in Revelation 18.
Daniel chapter 8 contains a prophecy that was given shortly before the fall of the Babylonian Empire. Therefore this prophecy says nothing about Babylon, because there was no Babylonian Empire to look forward to. Instead, it concentrates on Persia, Greece, and especially Rome.
The ‘little horn’ of Daniel 8 is not the same ‘little horn’ seen in Daniel 7. In Bible prophecy horns symbolize power, just as the horns on a bull, ram or rhino represent strength. In Daniel 7 the ‘little horn’ is a small world power; possibly the early United States. Here, in Daniel 8:9, the ‘little horn’ represents early Rome, a single city which began its rise to power from within the Greek sphere of influence. Rome established its independence from Greece by first defeating king Pyrrhus and establishing its dominance over the Italian Peninsula. Rome then went on to conquer its enemy farther to the south, Carthage, in the Punic Wars. Next, Rome turned its attention to the east, conquering Greece, Asia Minor and ultimately the ‘Glorious Land’ of Israel itself, just as Daniel 8:9 tells us.
In Daniel 8:11 God describes Rome’s eventual crucifixion of Christ (exalting itself against the Prince of the Host, the Son of God), along with its ending of the sacrifices and ‘casting down’ of the Temple in Jerusalem (the place of God’s sanctuary) in 70 AD. In verse 12 Daniel goes on to tell us that, because of Israel’s transgressions, God would authorize Rome’s continuing military power so that the restoration of Jerusalem and its sacrifices would not be allowed to occur. This divine authorization of Rome’s continuing power is also presented in Revelation 13:5, and I explain it in my web page on The Timetable for Jesus’ Return.
Another aspect of Rome’s character is mentioned here. After destroying the Temple in Jerusalem and being divinely empowered to prevent the restoration of sacrifices in Jerusalem, Rome will proceed to ‘cast truth down to the ground’, and to prosper while doing so. I believe that this is a picture of Rome’s initial persecution of Christianity, followed by its subsequent claim (after Constantine) to actually be the true Christian Church. I will discuss Rome’s ‘casting down’ of truth later in this web page.
Daniel 8:23-25 describes Rome again. It states that Rome’s rise and dominance over Israel will occur when ‘transgressors have reached their fullness’; an allusion to the judgment upon Israel that Jesus warned about, when God would hold Jerusalem guilty for all of the righteous blood shed upon the earth up until that time (Matthew 23:35). This is what is meant by ‘destroying the holy people’ (of Israel, vs. 24). Verse 25 says that Rome will ultimately be destroyed without ‘human hand’; a view consistent with both Daniel chapter 2 (destruction by the divine Stone; Israel’s Messiah), and Daniel 7 (destruction by flame, also see Revelation 18:8).
Dispensationalists teach that the ‘little horn’ of Daniel 8 is Antiochus Epiphanes IV, but this is untrue. In Daniel 8:9 God says that this little horn would become ‘exceedingly great’, whereas in Daniel 11:21 Antiochus is described as a vile person, who would not be respected as royalty, and who would achieve his limited results through deception and intrigue. The exceeding greatness mentioned in this passage harkens back to the exceeding strength and dreadfulness of fourth Beast in Daniel 7:7&19, and bears no resemblance to Antiochus Epiphanes. I explain Dispensationalism and its errors in my web page on The Olivet Discourse.
All of God’s prophecies are precise, but Daniel chapter 11 contains some unusually specific details. This prophecy, like those in chapters 2,7 and 8, continues the theme of the four Gentile empires, but Daniel received this prophecy during the reign of King Cyrus of Persia, and so Babylon is not mentioned. God quickly dispenses with His comments about Persia in the first two verses of the chapter, and then proceeds to describe Alexander the Great (the first Greek king) in verse 3, and the subsequent division of his Greek empire into four smaller kingdoms in verse 4; Macedonia (Greece), Asia Minor, Seleucia and Egypt (the Ptolemaic dynasty).
From verse 5 through 30 God very accurately described specific persons who would be involved in the constant struggle between the two Greek kingdoms to the north and south of Israel; the Seleucid kingdom to the north and the Ptolemaic kingdom (in Egypt) to the south. God described how both of these kingdoms would trample over Israel in their conflicts with each other, sometimes dragging the Jewish people into their turmoil. Why would God supply this very precise information ahead of time? For two reasons; to authenticate the book of Daniel, so that the Jewish people and the rest of the world would recognize its reliability, and listen to it. Secondly, because God wanted to warn the Jews about what was coming, to assure them that He was aware of their hardships, and to encourage them to turn to Him in their times of trouble.
Some of Israel’s most profound struggles against the Greek world involved the ‘vile person’ of verse 21. This was Antiochus Epiphanes IV (AE4). AE4 was the son of Antiochus the Great, a Seleucid king who had been conquered by the Romans in 188 BC. As a result of that defeat, AE4 was sent to Rome as a political hostage, and his father was compelled to pay heavy tribute to Rome. When Antiochus the Great died, AE4’s brother, Seleucus IV Philopater became king in accordance with the treaty (covenant) that had been established with Rome earlier. At that time Seleucus IV’s son, Demetrius, was sent to Rome as a hostage, and AE4 was released. Because of the heavy Roman tribute requirements imposed upon him, Seleucus IV became the ‘tax imposer’ of verse 11:20.
Seleucus IV was eventually murdered by one of his staff, a man named Heliodorus, and AE4 then killed Heliodorus and assumed the throne illegally. This is why the Bible says that he would never be accorded the honor of royalty (vs. 21). AE4 claimed that he was assuming power on behalf of another son of Seleucus IV (not Demetrius who was still in Rome, but an infant son also named Antiochus), planning to hold the throne for him until he came of age. But AE4 eventually murdered this rightful ‘prince of the covenant’ (vs. 22), and claimed the throne for himself. It is against this backdrop that AE4 began to attack the Ptolemaic (Egyptian) kingdom to the south of Israel.
What does all of this have to do with Rome? Antiochus Epiphanes IV (AE4) was the last Greek ruler to dominate Israel before Rome became Israel’s overlord. The Bible hints at God’s sovereign control over these events when, in verse 24, it says that AE4 would only be able to pursue his goals ‘for a time’. After a victory in Egypt, the Bible says that AE4 made further plans, but that they did not prosper, because God had already ordained his end ‘at the appointed time’ (verse 27). Verse 29 describes that divinely ‘appointed time’, 168 BC, when AE4 made his final trip to Egypt.
Daniel 11:30 describes the transition point between Greek dominance over Israel, and a new Roman dominance over the Jews. In the first half of the verse the confrontation between AE4 and the Romans outside of Alexandria, Egypt is described (in 168 BC), together with AE4’s angry return to Jerusalem and his murderous rampage there (in 167 BC). It may be that some of the Jews actually told AE4, before he went south and was confronted by Rome, that God had foretold his humiliation. Or he may have vented his rage upon Jerusalem simply out of frustrated ambition. Whatever the case, historians tell us that when Antiochus Epiphanes IV (AE4) returned to Jerusalem in 167 BC, roughly 40,000 Jews were killed, another 40,000 were sold into slavery, and the Temple was desecrated (polluted and made unfit for worship, due to God-forbidden changes that Antiochus had introduced). AE4 then lived for three more years, dying in 164 BC during a military campaign in the eastern region of the Seleucid kingdom.
The second part of verse 30, however, together with verse 31, begins a description of Rome’s relationship with Israel:
So shall he (Rome) do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant. And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that makes desolate.
This brief passage describes the ensuing relationship between Israel and Rome up until Rome destroyed Jerusalem in 70 AD. Rome’s initial domination over Israel was exercised through proxies; people who would rule over Israel on behalf of Rome. These were people who were native to the region, and thus were familiar with the Jews and partially acceptable to them, but who were not loyal to Israel’s God or religion, despising ‘the holy Covenant’ between God and Israel. One of the most prominent of these rulers was Antipater II (the Idumean). He gained authority over Israel by befriending the Roman Generals Pompey and Julius Caesar. Antipater II was the father of Herod the Great (who sought to derail God’s covenants by murdering the Christ child in His infancy, Matthew chapter 2), and the grandfather of Herod Antipas (who killed John the Baptist and the apostle James).
Dispensationalists claim that Daniel 11:30b-31 is a further description of Antiochus Epiphanes IV, but this is untrue. After his humiliation by Rome outside of Alexandria, arms (military might) no longer ‘stood’ for (belonged to) Antiochus IV. He surrendered sovereignty over the entire Middle East that day outside of Alexandria, lost all historical significance, and died three years later in 164 BC.
In addition, AE4 never desolated the Temple; he desecrated it. This is an important distinction that Dispensationalists ignore, because they are eager to establish AE4 as the precedent / prototype for a future Antichrist whom they claim will desolate God’s Temple again. Their claim that AE4 desolated the Temple by entering it while proclaiming himself to be God, means that Paul’s ‘man of sin’ can also be construed as desolating the Temple when he does the same thing (2 Thessalonians 2:4). There is only one problem with this line of thinking; it is unscriptural.
In the Bible ‘desolation’ means total destruction because of God’s anger and judgment. It is never used in any other way. Babylon desolated Israel, Jerusalem and the Temple in 586 B.C., and Rome desolated them again in 70 A.D., but AE4 did not. The Jewish people themselves testify that Antiochus only desecrated the Temple, as they remember its cleansing in their yearly celebration of Hanukkah. I address this mishandling of Daniel 11:29-31 by the Dispensationalists, along with their mishandling of Jesus’ Olivet Discourse, in my web page on The Olivet Discourse.
Daniel 11:31-35 gives a description of the Christian experience under Rome, from the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD until the second coming of Christ (the “time of the end”).
And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries. But the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits. And they that understand among the people shall instruct many. Yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days. Now when they shall fall, they shall be helped with a little help, but many shall cleave to them with flatteries. And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end, because it is yet for a time appointed.
Verse 34 may be a description of Constantine’s so-called ‘conversion’ to Christianity, when Christians who had suffered under Roman persecution for over 200 years received some ‘help’. But this change also meant that many false Christians joined the professing church, embracing Christianity for political and financial gain by flattering the rulers of Rome. The words above actually describe the repeated experience of Biblical Christians down through the centuries, as the true church has been ‘helped’ by the grace of God at various times, and yet has also had to deal with those who would take advantage of it through ‘flatteries’.
Verse 36 through 39 is a description of Rome’s new version of Christianity:
And the king shall do according to his will. He shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvelous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation (against Israel) be accomplished; for that which is determined shall be done. Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all. But in his estate shall he honor the God of forces. And a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honor with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things. Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory. And he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.
Verse 36 repeats what Daniel 8:12 and 9:26-27 have already told us; that Rome will continue to prosper and dominate Israel and the Jews until God’s wrath upon the Jews has been fully poured out. Verses 36 and 37 also tell us that the king of Rome will blaspheme the true God, and exalt himself above every known God. Verse 38 tells us that Rome’s kings will worship a god that their forefathers did not know; a militant God that they will glorify with silver, gold, gemstones and many other beautiful things. Verse 39 tells us that Rome will use this God to advance into the strongest nations, allowing them to rule over many people while dividing up the lands of the world for gain.
Who was this new Roman ‘God of forces’? It is the militant Jesus of Constantine, who instructed him to wage war under the banner of the cross. It is not the Jesus of the Bible, who was so meek and mild that He is called ‘the Lamb of God’; who patiently endured the brutality of Roman soldiers and poured Himself out to the point of death in order to make forgiveness possible for them, and who taught His disciples to bless their enemies. It is the war-making Jesus of Rome, providing Rome with ‘divine authority’ for its worldwide wars and conquests over the past 1700 years.
Verses 40-45 give us a brief description of Rome’s history after embracing Constantine’s militant Christ; a period of time which verse 40 describes as ‘the time of the end’.
And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him; and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships. And he (Rome) shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown. But these shall escape out of his hand; even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape. But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps. But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him. Therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away (annihilate) many. And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas and the glorious holy mountain. Yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.
Verse 40 describes an attack upon Rome, first from the king of the south, and then from the king of the north. It helps to remember that the Bible often describes things geographically in terms of their relationship with Israel. Thus the kings in this verse may be described as originating south and north of Israel. It seems to me that this verse may be describing the two major Muslim assaults against Europe. The first assault extended south of Israel from Egypt across North Africa, and then up into Spain. The Roman Catholic world responded to the Muslim conquest of Spain with the Crusades. Then the Ottoman Empire attacked Europe from north of Israel, advancing all the way to Austria. The Ottoman Empire also enjoyed naval dominance over the Mediterranean Sea, and over all of the lucrative trade routes to the East.
I understand the last part of verse 40, where it says that ‘he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over’, together with verses 41-43, to be a description of Rome’s response to these Muslim assaults, and to the Ottoman Empire’s domination of the Mediterranean. The Crusades helped to organize and strengthen the Roman Empire religiously and militarily, but Roman Catholic Europe could not yet open up the great trade routes to the east that were essential to financial gain. In response, seafaring explorers from Portugal and Spain began to seek alternate routes to the east. In the process they not only discovered new routes, but also many previously unexplored regions of the world. Rome then proceeded to ‘enter, overflow and pass over’ the entire world, using its armies, navies and Roman Catholic priests to conquer people worldwide both militarily and spiritually. These conquests (particularly in Central and South America) left Rome rich with “the treasures of gold and of silver”, and this relentless colonization of the world ultimately came around full circle with Europe’s domination, after World War I, of the Muslim Middle East.
Verse 44 refers to events in the east and the north, and Rome’s furious reaction to them. Again it must be remembered that when the Bible speaks of the east and the north, it is talking about that which is east and north of Israel. Russia is the major world power that lies north of Israel, and China lies to the east. This verse may be a description of Rome’s response to the Communist revolutions that first arose within Russia, and later within China.
Throughout its history the Roman Catholic Church has allied itself with the rich and powerful. It has supported the concentration of power and wealth in the hands of a few, because that has enabled Rome to share in that same power and wealth. The natural reaction of any institution that allies itself with the rich will be to oppose the socialist redistribution of wealth, and this is what Rome has done most vehemently. The Roman Catholic Church was instrumental in bringing the fascist regimes of Franco, Mussolini and Hitler to power, directing their anti-Socialist activities. Hitler went on, with the encouragement of Rome, to attack Russia, with the resultant death of 20 million Russians. To this day Rome, despite its public posturing, continues to oppose any movement that seeks to reverse the concentration of wealth in the hands of those allied with her.
Verse 45 tells us that Rome will ultimately plant its tents between ‘the sea and the glorious holy mountain’. This geographical description again must be understood in reference to Israel. The glorious holy mountain is Mount Zion, or Jerusalem. These are the terms that God often uses to describe His holy city. The sea, then, is the Mediterranean Sea. Verse 45 tells us that Rome will ultimately come to Israel and ‘plant its tents there’. This may be a reference to a possible occupation of Israel by NATO or U.N. forces, as peace keepers between the Palestinians and the Jews, or it may be a reference to the coming battle between the Beast and Jesus Christ described in Revelation 19:19. Whatever the case, this entrance by Rome into Israel in the last days will be followed by the end of its existence.
There is a period of time mentioned in the Bible called ‘the Great Tribulation’. It is the period of time between Rome’s destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D., and the second coming of Christ, which lies in the near future (see The Timetable for Jesus’ Return ). In other words, we are living in the Great Tribulation at this present time. The Great Tribulation is characterized primarily by the fact that Satan, having lost all moral standing before the throne of God, has been cast down to earth. He is now filled with blind, frustrated rage because he knows that his fiery destruction is certain, and that he only has a short time left (Revelation 12:12).
Since his fall to earth, Satan has been pursuing the destruction of Jews, Christians, and ultimately of the entire human race. One of the primary tools that Satan has used, and continues to use, is the ‘clay’ city of Rome, and the various ‘iron’ military powers of the world which have continued as ‘the Beast’ until this day. There are four prophecies in the New Testament that, together, provide us with a picture of Rome’s activities until its final destruction.
In His important prophetic message given on the Mount of Olives shortly before His death, Jesus described six things that would characterize the Great Tribulation right up until His second coming (the Olivet Discourse, Matthew 24:4-10, Mark 13:6-13, Luke 21:8-19):
- 1)Many will come in My name, saying that I am the Christ, and will deceive many (Matthew 24:5).
- 2) War, and rumors (threats) of war (verses 6 & 7)
- 3) Famine (verse 7)
- 4) Death from pestilence and disease (verse 7)
- 5) The persecution of Christians (verses 9 & 10)
- 6) The sun and moon darkened, stars fall from heaven, removal of God’s people from the earth (verses 29-31).
Jesus’ words regarding ‘many coming in His name and deceiving many’ was reference to the coming religion of Rome; Roman Catholicism. Roman Catholicism began when the Emperor Constantine declared that he had seen a vision authorizing him to wage war under the banner of the cross. This is the most overt and blatant sign that Roman Catholicism is not genuine Biblical Christianity; its promotion and participation in the last activity that the gentle, self-sacrificing, peace-loving Son of God would ever take part in.
The logical consequences of claims are shown above; war, famine, pestilence, the persecution of genuine Christianity, and ultimately the judgment of God as the Roman Catholic world suffers nuclear attack. This nuclear attack coincides with the instantaneous removal of God’s people from the tremendous plagues that will follow.
In another passage of scripture, we are presented with the exact same sequence of six things. The six seals of Revelation chapter 6 represent Jesus’ repetition of His words in the Olivet Discourse. The only difference here is that the Roman Catholic church is portrayed as a horseman dressed in white who goes forth to conquer. The white clothing of this horseman corresponds to Jesus’ words about people coming in His name, and yet being deceivers. And the use of the word ‘conquer’ corresponds exactly with Constantine’s words. He claimed that God had told him to ‘conquer’ under the banner of the cross.
- 1)The first seal: a conqueror dressed in white, riding on a white horse (Revelation 6:1-2).
- 2) The second seal: a red horse and rider of war (verses 3 & 4)
- 3) The third seal: a black horse and rider of famine (or starvation, verses 5 & 6)
- 4) The fourth seal: a pale horse and rider of death (through disease and pestilence, verses 7 & 8)
- 5) The fifth seal: the persecution of Christians (verses 9-11)
- 6) The sixth seal: earth shaken, sun and moon darkened, stars fall from heaven, men hide from the judgment of God (verses 12-17). All of this is accompanied (in Revelation chapter 7) by God’s sealing of 144,000 Jews for protection, and His removal of all Christians from earth.
Since the rise of Constantine, Rome’s ‘Conquistadors’ have gone on to wage countless ‘holy’ wars, inquisitions and persecutions in the name of Jesus Christ. Worldwide bloodshed, famine, pestilence, and many Christian martyrdoms have been the subsequent result. Now, at the last hour, Rome portrays itself as the champion of religious harmony and world peace, but behind Rome lies a long trail of religious intolerance, deceit, blood and death.
The Roman Catholic Church is an instrument that Satan has created for attacking the human race. Rome has been a potent tool in his hands that has been destructive in three ways:
- 1)Rome’s pseudo-Christianity has sent millions of deceived people to eternal damnation with false hope and confidence.
- 2) Rome’s persecution of Christians has suppressed genuine Christianity by killing faithful Christians and terrorizing others into silence.
- 3) Rome’s greed, bloodshed and religious hypocrisy have prompted countless others throughout the world to reject Christianity.
Truly Rome is, as Revelation 17:5 says, the “Mother of whores, and of the abominations of the earth”.
THE FOUR HORSEMEN OF ROMAN CATHOLIC MILITANCY
Satan doesn’t care whether he destroys people with the sharp point of a sword or the soft point of a lie, just as long as they join him in his eternal doom. He, like the Pharaoh of Egypt that Moses confronted in the book of Exodus, continues to resist God even after he has been defeated, taking as many people with him into the ‘Red Sea’ of God’s judgment as he can. Satan’s wickedness was described by the prophet Isaiah:
How are you fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How are you cut down to the ground, who did weaken the nations! For you have said in your heart “I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High”. Yet you shall be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit. They that see you shall narrowly look upon you, and consider you, saying “Is this the one that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms; That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners?” All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house. But you are cast out of your grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet. You shall not be joined with them in burial, because you have destroyed your land, and slain your people: the seed of evildoers shall never be renowned.
Christianity is, indeed, a militant religion, but it is a spiritual militancy exercised in a battle against Satan. Christianity does not fight against men, but fights to deliver men from Satan (Ephesians 6:12). True Christians reject war (Matthew 26:52, Revelation 13:10), which is fought primarily for worldly wealth (James 4:1-4). Instead they strive spiritually and suffer patiently in order to bless a deceived humanity, while seeking to overcome the deceiver. They hope, by patiently sharing in Jesus’ own sufferings and hardships, to be worthy to accompany Him when He comes back to earth to reign.
Jesus is the only One who can wage war righteously, and vengeance belongs to Him alone. He will ride a white horse, like Rome’s conquerors do, but His clothing will not be white; it will be blood-red. And unlike the false conqueror in Revelation 6:1, this Conqueror will have a name:
And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse. And He that sat upon him was called ‘Faithful and True’, and in righteousness He does judge and make war. His eyes were as a flame of fire, on His head were many crowns, and He had a name written that no man knew but he Himself. And He was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and His name is called ‘The Word of God‘. And the armies which were in heaven followed Him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. And out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should smite the nations: and He shall rule them with a rod of iron. And He treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And He has on His vesture and on His thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.
The third prophecy about the city of Rome is found in Revelation chapter 17. In that prophecy Rome is called the ‘Woman’, the ‘Whore or Harlot’, and ‘Babylon’. She is portrayed as riding upon a Beast; the seven-headed, ten-horned Beast of Daniel 7 and Revelation 13:1-10. Here again we see the ‘clay’ woman and the ‘iron’ Beast together. The Beast is militant humanity, mostly Roman and then Western European throughout the history of its relationship with the woman, but now increasingly international in these last days.
It is important to observe that God calls the city of Rome ‘Babylon’ in this chapter. Here, and in Revelation chapter 18 we see the Roman Catholic church, and the Beast upon which she has ridden, going in separate directions. Revelation 17:12 speaks of 10 ‘kings’ who will ally themselves with the Beast for one hour. When they do so, they will then turn upon Babylon and burn her with fire (verses 16 & 17). This is the sudden nuclear destruction described by Jesus in the Olivet Discourse(the stars falling from heaven being thermonuclear weapons), and also described in the sixth seal of Revelation 6. It is also described most vividly in the following prophecy.
After telling us, in Revelation 17:9 & 18 that Babylon is the city of Rome (Rome is known as ‘The city of seven hills’, and was that ‘great city’ that ruled over the earth when John received Revelation), Revelation chapter 18 proceeds directly to describe God’s final punishment of Babylon. It is destroyed in one day. I will simply leave my reader to examine the chapter for himself.
Babylon’s destruction is described as falling upon the greatest and richest economic empire in the world. Revelation describes kings, merchants and ship captains around the world mourning over the loss of their business, and keeping their distance from Babylon’s torment. It is not possible that the destruction of a single city could bring about such economic upheaval. I believe that Revelation 18 is describing a sudden, nuclear attack upon the Western, Roman Catholic world. This could possibly include the entire western hemisphere, western Europe, and such places as South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines; all regions of the world with a significant Roman Catholic heritage.
It is possible that this fiery destruction of Babylon is also, at the same time, the giving of the ‘Little Horn’ of Daniel 7 (possibly the United States) to the ‘burning flame’ (verses 11 & 26). As the main representative in the world of all things ‘Roman’, both religious and political, the United States would most certainly, if not preeminently be the target of this attack.
WHY ROMAN CATHOLICISM IS NOT BIBLICAL CHRISTIANITY
Some of the prophecies that I have presented above allude to Rome’s religious wickedness. But it is important to be more precise about the errors of Rome’s religion; Roman Catholicism. Many people who say the things about Rome that I am saying in this web page are labeled ‘Catholic Bashers’. This is a common tactic that many groups use (Palestinians and the ‘gay rights’ movement for instance) to portray themselves as victims and those who oppose them as evil persecutors, when in fact the opposite is true. It is Rome that has been bashing people worldwide for centuries. In any case, my criticism is not leveled against Roman Catholic people, but against the religion of Roman Catholicism. My hope is that many Roman Catholics who are struggling in darkness (as we all do before coming to know Jesus personally) will be brought to the light of God’s word.
Recently I watched a travelogue on TV, where a man was taking people on a tour of Israel. As I listened to him express his belief in Jesus as the Son of God, and his clear enunciation of the doctrine of the Trinity, I wondered if I was listening to an evangelical Baptist. But eventually the man made a reference to the ‘blessed virgin’, and ultimately revealed his belief that Rome is the one true church. Just as it was initially difficult for me to determine where this man was ‘coming from’, it has also been hard for many to discern the difference between Roman Catholicism and Biblical Christianity, because Rome truly does come to people ‘in the name of Christ’ (Matthew 24:5). But God condemns Rome for three very simple reasons.
Rome has sought to steal the three divine offices that belong to Jesus Christ alone:
Prophet, Priest and King
When Constantine first legalized Christianity, he discovered that Christians were divided over what the Bible teaches. He could not use Christians as a powerful, cohesive political force if they were not united. So Constantine began the tradition of convening ecumenical councils in order to define ‘catholic’ Christianity (the word ‘catholic’ means pure, genuine or ‘orthodox’). Constantine’s final product would be ‘Roman’ catholicism. The first such council occurred at Nicea in 325 AD. Apparently Constantine didn’t think that the Bible was an adequate expression of truth, or that God is an able communicator. The fact is, Constantine’s supposed zeal for Christian truth masked his real agenda; to make the Bible serve Rome.
Ever since that time Rome has claimed sole authority to interpret the Bible, as well as the authority to add to it (through her traditions and the proclamations of her councils and Popes). Rome does not define faith as believing God; Rome defines faith as ‘believing Rome‘. In doing this they have denied the prophetic authority and finality of the Lord Jesus Christ, of His apostles, and of the Bible itself. While claiming apostolic authority from the apostle Peter, Rome has trashed all true apostolic authority. A simple Bible in the hands of common men, written by God’s original apostles and prophets, has always been Rome’s greatest fear. She has done everything within her power to suppress or destroy it, because through the Bible God speaks directly to people, opening their eyes to the truth, drawing them directly to the Savior, and exposing Rome for what it really is. That is why the invention of the printing press sparked the Reformation, and caused so much trouble for Rome.
All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped unto all good works.
2 Timothy 3:16-17
For I testify unto every man that hears the words of the prophecy of this book; “If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book. And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.
Constantine feared that if he sinned after being baptized, he would go to hell; so he put off his baptism until he was on his deathbed. This approach to baptism was not uncommon in his time, but it reveals two serious errors. First, Constantine apparently believed that the sacraments have saving power in and of themselves. This idea is known as ‘sacramentalism’. Secondly, he seemed to think that a person can do whatever he wants throughout life, and then use a sacrament to cover his tracks and enter heaven. These ideas remain hallmarks of Roman Catholicism to this day. Rome teaches that her priests have the ability to infuse saving power into the sacraments, and that these sacraments can be used to change the eternal destinies of people’s souls, even after they are dead and buried, through sacrifices (Masses) offered on behalf of the dead.
The only sacraments of biblical Christianity are baptism, and communion (or the Lord’s Supper). They were given to instruct and remind mankind concerning God’s way of salvation, by symbolizing unity with Christ in His death, burial and resurrection. Both of them were introduced by men who made it clear that they were only symbolic, and did not have any saving power. Baptism was introduced by John the Baptist, who said that one must be baptized by the Holy Spirit, not water, in order to be saved (Matthew 3:11-12). Jesus introduced communion, and said that the bread and the wine should be eaten ‘in remembrance’ of Him (Luke 22:19, 1 Corinthians 11:24-25). There is not a single hint in the Gospels, the book of Acts or in any of the letters of the Apostles, indicating that communion or water baptism were ever viewed as having any saving power (seeBaptism and Pentecost). It is only a ‘new birth’ through union with Christ, preceded by repentance and faith, that saves a person (seeForgiveness).
The author of the New Testament book of Hebrews went to great lengths to contrast the Old Testament priests of Israel (from the tribe of Levi), and the new priesthood of Jesus Christ that has replaced them (Hebrews 6:19-10:18), pointing out the shortcomings of the old system.
MANY DYING PRIESTS vs. ONE ETERNAL PRIEST (Hebrews 7:23-25)
MORALLY IMPERFECT PRIESTS vs. A TESTED AND PROVEN PRIEST (Hebrews 7:26-28)
AN EARTHLY ALTAR AND TEMPLE vs. A HEAVENLY ALTAR AND TEMPLE (Hebrews 8 & 9)
MANY POWERLESS SACRIFICES OFFERED REPEATEDLY vs. ONE POWERFUL SACRIFICE OFFERED ONCE
(Hebrews 9:25-28, 10:10-14)
As one looks at this list, it is obvious that Rome’s priesthood is very similar to the Old Testament Levitical priesthood, with all of its shortcomings. There is one important difference between Israel and Rome however; Israel was authorized by God to institute its priesthood as a foreshadowing of the coming Savior. Rome, however, has no such authority. In fact Rome has instituted its priesthood in direct disobedience to God, willfully ignoring the fact that the destruction of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem marked the replacement of the old Jewish priesthood with Christ’s new and eternal priesthood in heaven (Hebrews 8:13).
The Old Testament animal sacrifices were offered over and over again. The author of Hebrews wrote that this repetition was a clear indication that they were not working. Rome’s repeated sacrifices reflect the same powerlessness. Jesus has taken His own blood into God’s true Temple in Heaven, and there it has been offered once for all, effective for all eternity (Hebrews 7:27, 9:12, 9:26,28,10:12,18).
Rome has entered into direct competition with God for the souls of men. God says that we must come directly to Jesus, and know Him personally, to be saved. Rome’s priests say that we must come to them to be saved. It is for this very reason that many Protestants, down through the centuries, have believed that Rome’s priests represent Paul’s ‘man of sin’. Paul said that this man’s coming would be preceded by a great ‘falling away’ from the true Christian faith, and that he would display himself to the world as God in the Temple of God. When one claims to be performing priestly work that the Bible has reserved for Christ alone in God’s true Temple above, is one not claiming to be God in the Temple of God (2 Thessalonians 2:4)? Can there be any greater blasphemy against God?
It is for this reason that God has portrayed the Roman Catholic Church as a whore with a golden cup in her hands (Revelation 17:4). He says that this cup contains her filthiness and abominations. It is the cup (or chalice) that Rome’s priests use in their Mass. Rome’s priests claim to have the power to change the wine (or grape juice) of this cup into the literal blood of Christ (they call this ‘Transubstantiation’), which they then claim to offer to God for the forgiveness of people’s sins. It is this attempt to replace the priesthood of Christ, and to interfere with people coming directly to Jesus through simple prayer and the reading of God’s word, that has prompted God to reserve a fiery judgment for the Roman Catholic world (Revelation 17:16-17).
Constantine’s first and most famous claim was that God showed him a vision of a cross, and said “Conquer under this sign”. In claiming to wage war for God, Constantine was fulfilling Revelation:
And I saw, and behold, a white horse. He who sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him, and he went forth conquering and to conquer.
IN HOC SIGNO (IN THIS SIGN YOU WILL CONQUER), CEMETERY FOR ‘CHRISTIAN’ WARRIORS
Constantine was the first of many ‘Holy’ Roman emperors and Popes who would claim a divine right to rule over the other kings of the world, making themselves ‘King of kings, and Lord of lords’. But consider the contrast between Constantine and the true Jesus, who taught His disciples to love their enemies, who rebuked Peter for taking up a sword to defend Him, who forgave His enemies even while they were killing Him, and who, in the book of Revelation, warns that true Christians will be characterized by their refusal to wage war:
You have heard that it has been said ‘You shall love thy neighbor, and hate your enemy’. But I say unto you “Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; that ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven”. For he makes His sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. For if you love them which love you, what reward have you? Do not even the publicans the same? And if you salute your brethren only, what do you more than others? Do not even the publicans so? Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
And, behold, one of them (Peter) which were with Jesus (when He was arrested) stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high priest’s, and cut off his ear. Then said Jesus unto him “Put up back your sword into its place, for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword. Do you not know that I could now pray to my Father, and he would presently give me more than twelve legions of angels? But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?
And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified Him, and the criminals, one on the right hand, and the other on the left. Then said Jesus “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do”.
If any man have an ear, let him hear. He that leads into captivity shall go into captivity: he that kills with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.
Did Constantine really see a vision telling him to conquer under the sign of the cross? The Christian historian Eusebius thinks that he did, and has reported that some of Constantine’s followers may have seen it also. But the fact that Constantine and his followers may have seen a miraculous vision does not mean that it was a divine vision, and the fact that Constantine obtained great power does not mean that it was divine power.
For over 200 years, beginning in 70 AD, Rome attempted to completely destroy the Christian religion. With the arrival of Constantine, Rome went from persecuting the church to saying ‘I am the church!’. From that time until now, Rome has sought to destroy Christianity from the inside out, like a worm ruining a piece of fruit, while at the same time continuing to persecute God’s people when they point out Rome’s falsehood. It is Rome’s diabolical claim to be the one true Christian church, and to be establishing God’s Kingdom on earth that has prompted God to label her “The Mother of Harlots and of the Abominations of the Earth” (Revelation 17:5).
The one thing that characterizes true Christians is that they have come to Jesus Christ directly, because of His all-sufficiency as Prophet, Priest and King. There no longer are any prophets, priests or kings on earth who can stand between us and God. The Bible’s message is clear; God has replaced the Old Testament priests with a better One. Jesus is the only Priest who can save our souls. God requires that we come directly to Him, and know Him personally in order to be saved.
Many people don’t want to know Christ personally. They would rather let somebody else interpret the Bible for them, and stand between themselves and God. They prefer rituals and ceremonies over real substance. The Bible defines faith as ‘believing God’, but Roman Catholics define faith as ‘believing Rome’. This is the distinction between Roman Catholicism and biblical Christianity, but those who substitute the traditions and authority of men for a personal relationship with Jesus will be regret it in the end:
“Behold, the days come” says the Lord, “that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which covenant they broke, although I was an husband unto them” says the Lord. “But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days” says the Lord “I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying ‘Know the Lord’: for they shall all know Me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them” says the Lord. “For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more”.
Not every one that says to me, ‘Lord, Lord’, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that does the will of my Father which is in heaven. Many will say to me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in your name? and in your name have cast out devils? and in your name done many wonderful works?’ And then will I profess unto them, ‘I never knew you: depart from me, you that work iniquity’.
My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.
And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.
We can begin to pursue a direct relationship with Jesus Christ by reading God’s word. Jesus is fully revealed in the Bible; especially in the four gospels left to us by His apostles. We can also speak directly to Him through prayer. Though it takes some effort, and may take some time, this is the only way to draw near to God, and to know Him “in Spirit and in truth” (John 4:23-24). The Holy Spirit can use the Bible in a powerful way to impact our hearts and minds. The word of God is called the “sword of the Spirit” (Ephesians 6:17), and God tells us that it is…
…living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
Rome puts on a great outward show, but God works quietly and effectively through His Book. Jesus said “wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in by it. Narrow is the gate, and difficult is the way which leads to life, and there are few who find it” (Matthew 7:13-14). That narrow way begins with a willingness to look directly into God’s word for ourselves.
So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
If my reader is impressed by the elaborate costumes, rituals, buildings and spectacles of Roman Catholicism, I would invite him to study the Pharisees of Jesus’ day. I would particularly direct him to Jesus’ description of the Pharisees (especially in Matthew 23), and His condemnation of them. Jesus’ words are a perfect description of Rome. Roman Catholicism is simply Gentile Phariseeism; a repetition of the same errors that the Jewish religious leaders committed centuries ago, only on a much larger scale, and with full knowledge of the Pharisees’ past mistakes.
The thing that Jesus criticized most about the Pharisees was their hypocrisy. In ancient Greece the actors in a drama were called ‘hypocrites’. A hypocrite is an actor who puts on a mask, pretending to be something that he is not. Jesus’ description of the outward religion of the Pharisees fits Roman Catholicism perfectly. Just like the Pharisees of Israel, Rome puts on an elaborate outward display of religious piety, broadcast around the world on TV at Easter and Christmas. But this outward show masks an inward perversity, just as it did for the Pharisees.
ELABORATE COSTUMES, GREETINGS IN THE MARKETPLACE, BEING CALLED ‘FATHER’
They make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, and love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets, and to be called by men ‘Rabbi, Rabbi’ (meaning ‘teacher’). But do not yourselves be called ‘Rabbi’, for one is your Master, even Christ, and you are all brethren. And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, Who is in heaven.
LIKE A GRAVE SITE: BEAUTIFUL ON THE OUTSIDE, ROTTEN INSIDE
“Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you are like unto white sepulchers (tombs), which indeed appear beautiful outwardly, but are within full of dead men’s bones, and of all uncleanness. Even so you also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.”
THE SUPPOSED TOMBS OF THE APOSTLES PETER & PAUL, BOTH IN ROME
“Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchers of the righteous, and say ‘If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets’. Therefore you are witnesses against yourselves, that you are the children of them which killed the prophets.”
CHARITY AND PRAYER AS PUBLIC RELATIONS TOOLS
Take heed that you do not your charity before men, to be seen by them: otherwise you have no reward from your Father which is in heaven. Therefore when you do your charity, do not sound a trumpet before you as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory from men. Verily I say unto you, they have their reward. But when you do charity, let not your left hand know what your right hand does, that your charity may be in secret. And your Father who sees in secret Himself shall reward you openly. And when you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Verily I say unto you, they have their reward. But you, when you pray, enter into your closet. And when you have shut your door, pray to your Father who is in secret; and your Father who sees in secret shall reward you openly.
Another thing that Jesus condemned about the Pharisees was their substitution of human traditions for the word of God (Matthew 15:1-9, Mark 7:1-13, Colossians 2:8). This also describes Rome. Rome tells people that its traditions are ancient, are handed down from the apostles, and are equal in authority with the Bible; but God encourages us to examine every tradition and claim of apostolic authority closely:
Thus have you made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. You hypocrites, well did Isaiah prophesy of you, saying “This people draws near unto Me with their mouth, and honor Me with their lips, but their heart is far from Me. But in vain they do worship Me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.”
For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.
2 Corinthians 11:13-15
I know your works, and your labor, and your patience, and how you cannot bear them which are evil: and you have tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and have found them liars.
In Jesus’ day the Pharisees were so highly respected and had such a stranglehold on Jewish life, that if they kicked someone out of the synagogue it was like a death sentence; it was an exclusion from society. Nobody wanted to tangle with the Pharisees. Rome has exercised that same power for centuries, terrifying people with threats of excommunication from the church and society (along with the financial ruin that this can bring). Further threats have included torture, death and eternal damnation. How can someone overcome such terror? Only with the help of God, and by getting a Bible and reading it.
Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him “If you continue in My word, then are you My disciples indeed. And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free”.
These things I have spoken unto you, that in Me you might have peace. In the world you shall have tribulation, but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.
And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.
Recently there have been sex scandals in the United States and Europe regarding the RCC. There are allegations of child abuse by priests, and its cover-up. Because it claims to be holy, and to possess divine authority and infallibility, Rome must cover-up these sins. Rome also covers these crimes in order to minimize their financial impact (lawsuits, and the loss of financial support from church members).
This situation prompts important questions. Is it possible for a man to be a priest of God, and to be molesting children at the same time? What does that say about the Roman priesthood, and about the legitimacy of the Mass and Rome’s other sacraments? How many other crimes have priests committed down through the years? Of course some priests are better than others, but we are talking about our souls here. Should we believe Rome’s claim that celibacy is equal to holiness? Should we trust our eternal souls to men that we don’t really know, or instead to a Priest who has been openly tested and proven, and then raised from the dead and exalted to heaven?
For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus.
1 Timothy 2:5
For such a high priest is appropriate for us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens.
Rome claims that Peter is the founding apostle of the Roman church. The Bible clearly states that Peter’s apostleship was to the Jews, and that Paul was the apostle of the Gentiles (Galatians 2:7-10). Paul himself said that his divinely-authorized mission to the Gentiles was the basis of his letter to Rome, and of his approaching journey to Rome (Romans 1:13-15). The book of Acts (chapters 27 & 28) describes that journey. The Bible says nothing about Peter in Rome.
Rome has claimed Peter as its founder because it has desired to use his supposed apostolic supremacy (Matthew 16:17-19) to establish the tradition of its own supremacy over the Christian church. Rome also prefers Peter because Paul had some things to say that are not flattering to Rome:
Now the Spirit speaks expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils: speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their conscience seared with a hot iron, forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats which God has created to be received with thanksgiving by them which believe and know the truth.
1 Timothy 4:1-3
Paul’s words describe the false doctrines and hypocrisy of Rome, and also touch on Rome’s practice of forbidding its priests and nuns to marry. While Paul told Christians that they might be happier and more effective servants of Christ if they remained single, he also told them that marriage was an honorable thing, and that they had not sinned if they married (1 Corinthians 7, see also Hebrews 13:4). In 1 Timothy Paul also taught that Bishops and Deacons should be married to one wife, and should be able to demonstrate capable leadership in a family as a qualification for leadership in the church:
This is a faithful saying; if a man desires the position of a bishop (elder), he desires a good work. A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife; temperate, sober-minded, of good behavior, hospitable and able to teach. He must not be given to wine, not violent, not greedy for money, but gentle; not quarrelsome, not covetous. One who rules his own house well, having his children in submission with all reverence. For if a man does not know how to rule his own house, how will he take care of the church of God? Let deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well.
1 Timothy 3:1-5,12
Ironically, although the Bible informs us that Peter was the married apostle to the Jews, and Paul was the celibate apostle to the Gentiles, Rome has gravitated toward Peter as its founding apostle, because it has wanted to transfer Peter’s supposed supremacy to itself.
Rome has rejected the words of Paul, and has decided that all of its priests and nuns must be celibate. One of the advantages of this is that a single person can serve Rome with undivided attention, and is often willing and able to work for ‘peanuts’ in exchange for the prestige of his office and the promise of eternal life. When a single person is working for you, you don’t have to pay a wage adequate to support a spouse and children. The requirement of celibacy has provided vast amounts of cheap and dedicated labor for Rome down through the centuries.
But Rome’s insistence upon celibacy has tended to recruit people who place less value on heterosexual relationships, on homes and families, and on the procreation of children. In fact, it has tended to recruit people who are relatively ignorant about these things, and who have lived outside of the mainstream of human experience. It has recruited many who are confused about their sexuality, who are homosexual, who are child abusers, or who have simply pretended to be celibate while secretly pursuing a heterosexual life. Given its emphasis on winning the trust and confidence of children from the earliest age, it is not surprising that child abuse has flourished in the Catholic Church. When you recruit people who are willing to swear off on heterosexual relationships, and then direct them to win the confidence and trust of children, what should you expect? What job could be more attractive to a pedophile?
In the Old Testament God told the people of Israel not to have sexual intercourse with close relatives, with members of the same sex, or with animals (Leviticus 18). Those things were all abominations. But God never bothered to warn against having sex with children. Why?
BECAUSE SUCH A THING WAS SIMPLY UNTHINKABLE!
But instead of exposing and condemning it, and addressing its own perversity regarding marriage and the family, Rome has covered it up and refused to clean its house.
People trust Rome’s clergy because they claim to know what the Bible teaches; for that reason their condemnation will be more severe. It will be a terrible thing to be a Roman Catholic priest in the day of judgment, explaining to the Son of God why you contradicted the Bible, steering people away from a direct relationship with Him and toward empty rituals and falsehoods. Jesus condemned the Pharisees because they not only refused to enter heaven themselves, but also prevented others from entering it as well (Matthew 23:13). He also pronounced grave judgment upon those who cause children to stumble spiritually (Mark 9:42). What a horrid position to be in!
IDENTIFYING THE PLAYERS
Because some people come to this web site through prophecy searches, often asking about things like ‘the Antichrist’ and ‘the last days’, it has seemed useful to set forth a summary of who the ‘prophetic players’ of the Bible are. Therefore I have included this section at the end of each of my web pages on prophecy.
My reader must first realize that my entire view of prophecy is defined by my understanding of the 70th Week of Daniel. I believe that this week is the great ‘Week of the Abrahamic Covenant’, beginning 4000 years ago with Abraham, divided in the middle by the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD, and ending with the second coming of Christ. I believe that the ‘Great Tribulation’ is the second half of this week, from 70 AD to the present. It is called the Great Tribulation (Revelation 7:14) because it is the period of time after Satan has been cast out of heaven and down to earth in defeat. He is enraged because he knows that he only has a short time until his eternal fiery destruction (Revelation 12:12).
During the ‘Great Tribulation’ Satan’s violent frustration has been vented, first and foremost, against the Jewish people and against protestant Christians (Revelation 12:13-17). In addition, however, Satan is determined to drag all of humanity down to eternal damnation with himself if he can. The Pharaoh of Egypt whom Moses confronted (in the book of Exodus) is a picture of Satan, willing to see his kingdom and his people destroyed rather than to ‘let his captives go’. All of the ‘players’ on my list, and all of history since 70 AD, must be understood in the light of Satan’s angry presence here on earth. If you are coming to this list from a Dispensational or Postmillennial background, and have not yet read my first three pages on prophecy ( Introduction, The Olivet Discourse and The Timetable for Jesus’ Return), then the things that I am saying here may not make much sense to you. I would encourage you to examine these three web pages before making any final decision concerning the validity of this list.
1) THE BEAST OF REVELATION(discussed in The Timetable for Jesus’ Return)
This is the ‘Beast from the Sea’ in Revelation 13:1-10, and is also the Beast upon which the Woman rides in Revelation 17. This Beast will become increasingly ‘Eastern’ in its makeup and form an alliance with 10 kings in the last prophetic hour, and these kings will burn the Woman with fire (Revelation 17:12-18).
Some Dispensationalists believe that the Beast is an individual human being. This is not so. This Beast has its roots in the four beasts of Daniel 7, and is an organized political entity, just as they were. In addition, the Beast continues in existence throughout the second half of the 70th Week of Daniel (Revelation 13:5, a period of roughly 2000 years), and thus cannot be a person. Lastly, the Woman who rides the Beast is the Roman Catholic Church, and she has ridden this Beast for centuries.
Prior to 70 AD, this Beast existed simply as the Roman Empire. But in 69 AD, when Satan was cast down to earth, he reorganized the Roman Empire into an international ‘Beast’ of militant humanity, and a city (Rome) that would ride upon the Beast’s back (through the ‘destruction and resurrection’ process of a Roman civil war, during ‘the year of the four Emperors). Since 70 AD the Beast upon which Rome has ridden has come primarily from the original Roman Empire; Western Europe and then the United States. The Beast’s religious roots have been mostly Roman Catholic. But over the past 60 years this Beast has been increasingly comprised of people throughout the world. The primarily western and Roman Catholic Beast of the past has mutated since the end of World War II into a broader coalition, incorporating the military forces of Russia, China and the Muslim world, and is represented by the United Nations. In the final prophetic hour I believe that the United Nations will turn its back upon the Western world (where it was first chartered and established), and look to China and the East. This, I believe, will be followed by the East’s surprise nuclear destruction of western, Roman Catholic ‘Babylon’.
2) THE WOMAN (HARLOT, WHORE, BABYLON) OF REVELATION CHAPTERS 17 & 18(discussed in The City of Rome)
This is the city of Rome, confirmed for us in Revelation 17:18, where she is described as ‘that great city’ which was ruling over the kings of the earth when John received the book of Revelation. Prior to the Roman civil war of 69 AD (the ‘Year of the four emperors’), the city of Rome had been the seat and governing power of the Roman Empire. During this civil war, however, Rome watched helplessly as the generals and armies of the Empire fought for supremacy. Since that time the city of Rome has been powerless militarily. This explains the fact that the final form of the Roman Empire (its feet) are described in Daniel 2:33 as being comprised of iron and clay. It is this ‘mixed’ Empire, comprised of a ‘clay City’ and various ‘iron’ military powers, that Christ will destroy and replace at His return (Daniel 2:34).
Revelation describes Rome in a most negative way. She is an extremely wealthy whore, given to fornication and blasphemy against God, who is drunk with the blood of His people. She is described as the “Mother of harlots, and of the abominations of the earth” (Revelation 17:5). In short, she is wickedness itself. How did she get this way?
The key to understanding Rome, is to understand the angry archangel, Satan, who made her what she is. For 240 years, after 70 AD, pagan Rome did everything within its power to exterminate Christianity. Many thousands of Christians were impoverished, enslaved or killed. This was the official policy of Rome, all done in subservience to the ‘Dragon’, Satan. Around 310 AD the Roman Emperor Constantine announced that he had seen a vision instructing him to wage war and to conquer under the banner of the Christian cross. Constantine proceeded to ‘legalize’ Christianity, and to make it a part of his empire. He convened ‘ecumenical councils’ to define what Roman Christianity would be.
Hence Rome went, practically overnight, from persecuting the Christian church to declaring ‘I am the church!’. In reality what Rome had become was a religious institution that would not only continue persecuting Christianity, but would also deceive millions of others into embracing a counterfeit Christianity, sending them into eternity with false hopes. Rome became a three-pronged weapon in Satan’s hands; killing some, deceiving others, and turning the rest of the world against Christianity because of Rome’s greediness, bloodshed and hypocrisy. Constantine and his militant church are the first ‘seal’ of Revelation 6:2; a ‘white’ conqueror followed by the four seals of war, famine, pestilence and the persecution of Christians. The final, sixth seal, represents the ultimate end of Rome; a sudden, unexpected nuclear attack.
Rome’s destruction is described in Revelation chapter 18, where ‘Babylon’ is destroyed by fire in one hour. After this destruction, the kings and merchants of the earth are shown, mourning over the loss of their wealth and keeping their distance from her because of the fire of her torment (and its radioactive fallout). I do not believe that this mourning will result simply from the destruction of the city of Rome itself, but from the destruction of the greater ‘Roman Catholic world’; in other words, ‘the West’. This may include the entire western hemisphere, western Europe and Australia, and is represented by the destruction of 1/3 of the earth in the first four trumpets of Revelation 8:7-13. The ‘Roman Catholic world’ does comprise roughly 1/3 of the landmass of the world, but much less than 1/3 of the world’s people. At the very moment when the nuclear weapons detonate, as Revelation chapter 7 reveals, God will ‘seal’ 144,000 young Jewish men for leadership in Israel, and will ‘rapture’ true Christians off of the planet.
I am confident regarding my explanations of the Beast and the Woman (Babylon) above. I am not dogmatic, however, about the following three ‘players’ on the prophetic stage; the Beast from the Land (or False Prophet), Paul’s Man of Sin, and the Antichrist. They can, it seems to me, be understood in different ways. Each one can be understood either as a single person, or as a group of persons. Beyond that, it is possible that all three are referring to the same person or group. It is important that I be honest with myself and my reader, about what I know and what I don’t know. Given the gravity of these times and of God’s warnings, it is important that my reader embrace the liberty as well as the responsibility to reach conclusions for himself. With that in mind, I share my own thoughts.
3) THE BEAST FROM THE LAND (or THE FALSE PROPHET)
This is the second of two Beasts in Revelation chapter 13, the first being The Beast from the Sea, or simply ‘The Beast’ (explained above). The first Beast is described as coming ‘from the sea’ because, like the four beasts of Daniel chapter 7, it arises from the great sea of humanity. I do not know why this present beast is said to come from ‘the land’. Some have wondered if it indicates that this it will come from God’s land; the ‘holy land’ of Israel. This Beast from the Land has three primary traits:
- A)It is ‘lamblike’ in its appearance (possibly a reference to the ‘Lamb of God’, Christ), and yet speaks the words of the Dragon, Satan. This is consistent with God’s description of false prophets, who come in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves (Matthew 7:15). This Beast also works powerful miracles to deceive people; a trait that Jesus warned about in regard to future false prophets (Matthew 24:24).
- B) It derives its authority from, and directs everyone’s worship and obedience to the first Beast, and the ‘image’ of the first Beast. It will cause those who refuse to worship the Beast to be put to death. This is reminiscent of Nebuchadnezzar’s order to kill those who would not worship his image (Daniel 3:1-6).
- C) It introduces something called ‘the Mark of the Beast’ to the world, without which no one may buy or sell. This ‘Mark’ may be worldwide, and could possibly be a mark implemented by the United Nations.
We see this ‘duo’ of two Beasts elsewhere in the book of Revelation, where they are referred to as ‘the Beast and the False Prophet’ (Revelation 16:13, 19:20, 20:10). It should be observed that the number ‘666’ is not associated with this second Beast, but with the first Beast whom he serves. The miracles and the ‘Mark’ that coincide with the False Prophet remind me of present day technology. The ‘image’ that breathes, speaks, and causes the persecution of those who refuse to take the ‘Mark’ could be modern media such as television, movies and the Internet. The calling down of fire from heaven may be a reference to the drones and other ‘smart’ weapons that we see today. And the ‘Mark’ itself may be some kind of computer chip, placed under the skin, that will facilitate human organization, tax collection and crime control in unprecedented ways. To many people the ‘Mark’ will represent the only hope for the survival of the human race, and those who oppose it will be viewed as foolish and essentially ‘anti-human’.
Some may point out that the Beast and the False Prophet will both be thrown, alive, into the Lake of Fire (Revelation 19:20), and therefore suggest that these two must be persons, and not kingdoms, organizations or ‘generic groups’. I respond by pointing out Jesus’ description of this same judgment (Matthew 25:31-46). He said that, when He returns, He will sit upon His throne and the nations will be gathered before Him. They will be separated to His left and to His right, like a shepherd divides sheep from goats. At that time He will banish those on His left directly into a fire that has been prepared ‘for the devil and his angels’. This can only refer to the Lake of Fire, since Satan is never described as inhabiting Hades. Hence, while Revelation describes two beings being cast alive into the Lake of Fire, Jesus describes a judgment where many are cast into the Lake of Fire alive. To me this suggests the possibility that the Beast is comprised of all those who have taken the Mark of the Beast.
How can this be? The secret lies in observing the increasing ‘solidarity’ of the human race against God. Throughout the world men are talking about the ‘oneness’ of mankind, and the necessity of international unity. It may be that those who take the Mark of the Beast will ‘become the Beast’. It is not coincidence that this rising religious ‘oneness’ is accompanied by an increasingly united worldwide animosity toward Israel. Satan is working behind the scenes to bring the human race, all the nations of the world, to Jerusalem to do battle against God. Satan has no illusions about how things are going to work out. He knows what awaits. But he is focused upon deceiving and taking as many into the Lake of Fire with him as he can. That is why he is called ‘the evil one’.
Jesus said that how He judges those who stand before Him will be determined by how they treated His ‘brethren’. Many believe that Jesus’ brethren are simply those who are Christians, whether Jew or Gentile. This is true. But it may be that, in the context of this particular judgment, as Jesus sits upon the throne of His fathers Abraham and David in Jerusalem, that His brethren may be, more specifically, those Jews who were mistreated by the world in the time leading up to His second coming. Those who are joining the present worldwide chorus to criminalise Israel and divide God’s land might do well to consider this. God’s judgment in this case may be instant and everlasting torment.
4) THE APOSTLE PAUL’S ‘MAN OF SIN’
It is my personal belief that the Beast from the Land (or False Prophet) is also the apostle Paul’s ‘Man of Sin’ (2 Thessalonians chapter 2:1-12). Paul’s ‘Man of Sin’ is also endued with Satanic miracle-working power, and he also is described as being directly and personally destroyed by the Lord Jesus Christ, just as the False Prophet will be. Here again, however, I do not feel obligated to believe that Paul is speaking of a single man.
Paul speaks of a ‘great falling away from the Christian faith’ that will precede the appearance of this ‘man’. He also speaks of him as one who will ‘show himself as God, standing in the temple of God’. For centuries many Protestants have viewed these words as a description of the Roman Catholic priesthood, which claims to do what the Bible says Jesus alone can do; stand in God’s true Temple above (in heaven) and intercede for sinners. The gospel message is that people must come to Jesus directly, and know Him personally in order to be saved. Jesus says to the world ‘Come unto Me and be saved’, while Rome’s priests say ‘Come unto Rome and be saved’. Hence both Paul’s ‘man of sin’ and Revelation’s Beast from the Land could be a ‘type of man’, rather than an individual man.
Over the past few decades the Roman Catholic church has drawn closer and closer to the other religions of the world, seeking common ground. Rome now declares that it does not matter what one’s religion is, as long as one loves one’s neighbor. Rome now calls Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims and snake worshippers her ‘brothers’. This represents Rome’s attempt to continue riding upon an increasingly international ‘Beast’. Rome is attempting to bridge the gaps between her ‘western children’ and the other nations of the world through talk of peace and religious ‘tolerance’. Hence in these last days we are seeing Roman Catholic leaders who are increasingly given to Eastern mysticism and ‘transcendental’ attempts to connect with the occult spirit world, seeking a ‘higher spirituality’ that will bring all men and religions together as ‘one’. It is in this light that we can understand how a man may soon arise who is a pope to the Catholics, a ‘christ’ to false Christians, a Mahdi to the Muslims, a Messiah to the Jews, and a wise soul to those of India and the Orient. Again, it may be one man, or it may be a cadre of men and women who, together, constitute the Man of Sin / Beast from the Land / False Prophet of the Bible.
Personally I do not believe that every unsaved person will spend eternity in the Lake of Fire. Depending upon how wicked they have been, I believe that many will spend time in the Lake of Fire before being consumed and ceasing to exist (see Original Sin ). But there are three beings who are specifically described in the Bible as being tormented forever and ever. This fate is reserved for Satan, the Beast and the False Prophet (Revelation 20:10). I believe that God’s warning about the Mark, given in Revelation 14:9-12, may actually be a warning about ‘becoming the Beast’ through taking the Mark, and thus joining Satan in a torment that will never end. This is a dreadful thought to contemplate. God is telling us that we need to take the warnings of His prophecies very seriously.
The contention around this issue, between believers and unbelievers, will be very sharp in the last days, and those who refuse to worship the Beast and his image will be put to death. Those who do not have a personal relationship with Christ will feel compelled, because they have no confidence about their fate beyond the grave, to take the Mark in order to extend their lives. The only way for a person to overcome in these last days will be to ‘not love their lives unto the death’ (Revelation 12:11), and this will only be possible for those who have tasted the forgiveness and the hope of eternal life that Jesus alone can give.
5) THE ANTICHRIST
The Antichrist is mentioned in only four verses, all written by the apostle John, and found only in his letters. The word ‘antichrist’ never appears anywhere else in the scriptures. It means what it appears to mean; one who is against or opposed to Christ.
Little children, it is the last hour; and as you have heard that the Antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come, by which we know that it is the last hour. They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would have continued with us; but they went out that they might be made manifest, that none of them were of us.
1 John 2:18-19
Who is a liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist who denies the Father and the Son.
1 John 2:22
And every spirit that does not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is not of God. And this is the spirit of the Antichrist, which you have heard was coming, and is now already in the world.
1 John 4:3
For many deceivers have gone out into the world who do not confess Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.
2 John 8
As we examine John’s words, the one thing that defines the antichrist is false doctrine. More specifically, John defines antichrists as
- A)Those who once professed faith in Christ, but have departed from biblical Christianity.
- B) Those who deny the Father and the Son.
- C) Those who deny that the Son of God has come into the world in human flesh.
John’s description of an antichrist could apply to any one of a number of people, religions or cults that have claimed to be Christian or respect Christ, but have departed from the true Christian faith.
It should be observed that John never says anything about the Antichrist establishing covenants, ending sacrifices, claiming to be God, having miraculous powers, cooperating with the Beast or being destroyed at the second coming of Christ. Nor does he link ‘the Antichrist’ with any other passage of scripture. The term ‘antichrist’ is not even found in that greatest of all prophetic books, Revelation, which John wrote.
Rather than take caution from this, Dispensationalists have taken advantage of it. Because of his sinister name, and because so little is known about him, Dispensationalists have been able to plug the Antichrist freely into their end-times scenario. For them the Antichrist is ‘the Prince who is to come’ (of Daniel 9:26), the ‘Abomination of Desolation’, Paul’s ‘man of sin’, and ‘the Beast’ that gets thrown into the Lake of Fire together with the False Prophet. One cannot count all of the books, articles and movies that have flowed out of John’s very limited words about ‘the Antichrist’, today’s ‘Left Behind’ series being only one of many.
Although John says that there are many antichrists, in 1 John 2:18 he seems to refer to one specific person, ‘the Antichrist’, who surpasses all other antichrists in his opposition to God. So who is this Antichrist? I do not know. If I had to choose, I would consider Mohammed. Islam claims Biblical roots, but blatantly denies that God has a Son, and that Christ was ‘Emmanuel’; God in flesh. There is no other religion that more directly and forcefully denies the deity of Christ today than Islam (unless it is Judaism). Muslims have written ‘God has no son’ inside their mosque, the ‘Dome of the Rock’, sitting on the Temple mount in Jerusalem. This will ultimately prove to be a profound embarrassment to them. It was this One who declared Himself to be the Son of God, and who predicted the desolation of the Temple and the possession of the Temple Mount by Gentiles, whose words they now fulfill with their mosque.
Could the Antichrist be the False Prophet, and/or Paul’s Man of Sin? Yes, I suppose so, but there is nothing in John’s words that requires us to reach that conclusion.
While I am cautious in my identification of ‘Players’ 3-5 above, I am confident in my conclusions about ‘Players’ 6-9 below.
6) THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION(Daniel 9:27, Matthew 24:15, Mark 13:14) The Roman general Titus and his army, which destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple in 70 AD (see The Timetable for Jesus’ Return for a discussion of Titus).
7) THE ‘PRINCE WHO IS TO COME’ OF DANIEL 9:26- also the Roman general Titus.
8) THE LITTLE HORN OF DANIEL 7:8The United States of America
9) THE LITTLE HORN OF DANIEL 8:9The City of Rome, beginning as a very small power on the edge of the Greek Empire. Rome first expelled Greece from the Italian peninsula in the Pyrrhic War, defeated its southern enemy Carthage in the Punic Wars, and then proceeded to move east, conquering Greece, Asia Minor (defeating Antiochus the Great) and eventually the rest of the Middle East (including Israel).
This Little Horn exalted itself against the Prince of God’s host, the Lord Jesus Christ. It then brought an end to the daily sacrifices, destroying Jerusalem and its Temple in 70 AD. Because of Israel’s transgressions the Roman Empire was allowed to continue its dominance over the Jews, and to establish a religion (Roman Catholicism) that casts truth to the ground. No better combination of brevity and accuracy regarding Rome’s history can be found.
THE CITY OF ROME IN PROPHECY
1. FOUR O.T. PROPHECIES 10. FOUR N.T. PROPHECIES 19. CHRISTIANITY: KNOWING CHRIST
2. #1 ROMAN LEGS AND FEET 11. #1 SIX TRAITS OF THE TRIBULATION 20. HOW CAN WE KNOW CHRIST?
3. #2 FOURTH BEAST OF DANIEL 7 12. #2 SIX SEALS OF REVELATION 6 21. ROMAN PHARISEES
4. #3 LITTLE HORN OF DANIEL 8 13. #3 WOMAN WHO RIDES THE BEAST 22. CHILD ABUSE
5. #4 FROM GREECE TO ROME TO THE END 14. #4 BABYON DESTROYED 23. FORBIDDING TO MARRY
6. TRANSITION FROM GREECE TO ROME 15. THE RELIGION OF ROME 24. THE PROBLEM WITH CELIBACY
7. CHRISTIANS UNDER ROME 16. PROPHET 25. IDENTIFYING THE PLAYERS
8. ROME’S NEW RELIGION 17. PRIEST
9. ROME’S WARS AND ULTIMATE END 18. KING